A great scholar called ‘Ramananda’ first recognized this philosophy through his philosophical ideology ‘Viseshtatabaad’.
According to the Viseshtatabaad, only one deity is praised by the people of Hinduism and that deity is ‘Lord Vishnu’.
You should know that though Bhakti movement got its birth in the 10th century but later it took so long to get spared all over India.
According to some estimation, Ramananda took this movement to northern India in the 10th century and from northern India, it started to get spared slowly all over India over time.
Here some great scholars and writers took the principal roles, among them Kabirdas, Srimanta Sankardeva (Assam), Chatyanyadeva (West Bengal) were the mains.
The actual time of the Bhakti movement wave got huge shape from the middle age of the 15th century.
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Impact of Bhakti Movement
The very first impact of Bhakti Movement is the reformation in Hinduism. It tried a lot to remove all the blind believe, harmful rituals from the old Hinduism and reestablished it again in society.
It can’t be said that it got 100 percent of success in its motive but I can tell that there is 10 percent of Hindu people who were highly influenced by this movement a lot.
The 2nd impact is it births a new religious belief on the backbone of Hinduism, which is only Lord Vishnu centric. There about 63 crore’s deities worshiped in Hinduism but Bhakti movement taught people to worship only one deity and that is ‘Lord Vishnu’.
The third impact is its taught people to ‘to ahead together’. This policy is especially co-related with Islamism. In the 15th century, Islamic invaders came to India to spare their empires.
At the same time, the Bhakti movement got a new speed in India. Therefore it taught the people of Hindu religion how to go ahead with Islam without any struggle.
This philosophy of Bhakti movement helped a lot in the heart of Hindu and Islam people to grow sympathies for each other.
1. Ramananda: – It will not be so wrong if we say Ramananda as the founder of the Bhakti movement. He was a Vaishnav saint of 10th century.
According to some historians, Ramananda first started this movement by his great philosophy ‘Viseshtatabaad’.
Born: – 10th century (no exact date specified).
Place of Birth: – Utter Pradesh, Allahabad, Varanasi.
2. Srimanta Sankardeva: – Mahapurusa Srimanta Sankardeva was another great Bhakti saint of Assam. He founded Neo-Vaishnavism in this state.
Today still after his death about 500 years, his name is respectfully pronounced by the people of Assam.
In modern days most of the people of Assam migrating themselves into ‘Sankari Sangha’, which is the synonyms ‘Neo-Vaishnavism’.
Born: – 1449 A.D
Place of Birth: – Present day Nagaon district of Assam, Ali Pukhuri.
3. Kabirdas: – Kabirdas was a great poet and a saint. His writings were mostly responsible for the growth of Vaishnavism.
Ramananda took Bhakti movement to northern India and from northern India, it gets spared all over India.
Here Kabirdas played one of the most significant roles. Therefore he is still considered as one of the great saints among other Bhakti saints.
Born: – 15th century
Place of Birth: – Varanasi.