Who The Ahom Tribe Were?


The Ahom is a tribe of Assam, who ruled in this state for around 600 long years.

Basically, Ahom people belongs to Tai ethnicity, who came to this land of Brahmaputra valley in the very beginning of the 13th century.

According to some estimation and data’s of ‘Assam history,’ they entered to this land in 1228 A.D.

The group of 9000 Tai people led by a great leader and a Tai princeChaolung Sukaphaa, who later became the first king of Ahom kingdom.

In 1253, Chaolung Sukaphaa established his kingdom capital in Charaideo; we can still experience the glory of Assam history by visiting this place.

I personally recommend you to bring your children to this place for once.


From Where Ahom People Came to This Land of Brahmaputra Valley?

They came to this land of Brahmaputra valley from Yunnan provision of south China.

There is a very small region at Yunnan, which is called ‘Mong Mao’; According to historians, this Mong Mao is the origin place of Ahom people.

After a battle against some Chinese groups, they came to this land through Patkai Hills.


The Culture

At first, when they came here they brought Animism and Ancestor worship tradition with themselves, there was no particular religious belief that they believed at that time (such as Hinduism, Buddhism).

There was also some sacrificed tradition they followed in the past.

Here I will not mention any writers name but somewhere I read that Ahom people also followed human sacrificed system in old times.

Probably many of us don’t know that the famous festival Me-Dam-Me-Phi was first celebrated by Ahom king Chaolung Sukaphaa when they first entered to the Brahmaputra Valley.

It was and still is an Ancestor worship festival. Each year on 31st January Me-Dam-Me-Phi is warmly celebrated in Ahom inhabitant areas of Assam (Sivasagar, Jorhat, Tinsukia, and Dibrugarh).


The Language of Ahom Tribe

Once about till the 17th century, Ahom people spoke in ‘Tai language’ but nowadays with the dominance of the Assamese language they almost lost their old linguistic identity.


The occupation

From the very starting, they were technically very active and highly skilled in doing different types of cultivation. In one word Ahom tribe’s occupation was mainly based on Agriculture.

[They also brought here too many high-quality seeds to do cultivation on Brahmaputra valleys fertile land].


Ahom Tribe Food

There were no specific food restrictions among Ahom people until they started to take Hinduism.

Some of Ahom traditional food examples: – Apong (rice beer), Gahori Manxho (Pork Meat), Amloi Tup (Red Ant Larva), Rice, etc.


The Religion

As I mentioned above there was no particular religious belief in the beginning times, except following the rituals of ancestor worship and some sacrificed system.

In the days of King Suhungmung, Ahom first started to convert them into Hinduism.

Nowadays 90% of the tribe people are Hindu.

That’s all.


Ahom Architecture

At very first the art and architecture of Ahom was quite similar to other Mongolian ethnic groups of Asia. Here we can see the symbol of Dragon, which is a worshiped deity of Mongolian ethnic people.

If you visit Charaideo then there you will get to see a lot of architectural elements, which is quite similar to Mongolian genre.

It is a very interesting fact that most of the compositions during Ahom rule was made by using Bora rice and duck egg, instead of cement. Such as – Rang Ghar, Kareng Ghar, Talatal Ghar, Siva Temple, etc.

I don’t know how but this is a little bit strange that all these components are still standing and showing the dignity of Ahom rule.

See the pictures here: – 


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