Assam Agriculture


Assam is like heaven for doing different types of agriculture and producing different crops.

You will be happy to know that this land becomes haven naturally, not artificially as like as other agricultural hubs of India like Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.

Friends, therefore here in this post we will try to learn about different sides of Assam agriculture.

In our today’s discussion menu: –

  • Highly producing crops of Assam.
  • Prospects of doing agriculture in Assam.
  • Problems of Assam agriculture.

Some highly producing corps of Assam

Some highly producing crops of Assam

1. Tea: – Tea is the first preference for everyone. Because it does not only become able to famous in India but also it is famous around the whole world.

There about 57 percent of India’s tea produced by this north-eastern state alone.

You will not believe in me but do you have any idea, there are about 900 largest tea estates in this small region and 1,00000 smaller tea gardens; from where 570 million tons of tea are produced every year.

At present India is in the 2nd position in the global ranking of producing this green crop; where China is holding the number one spot from a few years.

It is hoped by seeing the growth of tea culture in Assam that within a few years India will beat China in this green competition.

Related Articles: –

economic life assam

Agricultural Rice Paddy Field

2. Rice: – Rice is a seasonal crop of Assam. Here, farmers do not cultivate paddy around the whole year. They cultivate paddy for only six months.

But even after doing this six months of this seasonal cultivation, the production from this farming is so much higher that their year-round needs are fulfilled by this.

Do you know, though Assam is famous for tea around the world, rice is the chief crop of it? Because rice is the basic food of the states people.

It is a matter of great joy that the paddy cultivation is done in this state only by the influences of weather.

Assam’s land is extremely fertile and useful for paddy cultivation.

That is why you can think of how much production can be done if paddy cultivation is done by using a few artificial methods throughout the year instead of six months.

I think it can produce more higher than other Indian agricultural hubs like Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.


3. Jute: – Jute or Morapat is an agricultural plant, produced highly in lower Assam areas, such as Nalbari, Nagaon, Goalpara, Barpeta, and Darang etc.

Jute is a natural remedy.

Its leaf is very useful in such cases as Vitamin and Calcium. On the other hand, the body that it has is used to make different clothes and ropes.

Just as tea and paddy cultivation in Assam is of great significance, Jute farming also has a lot of importance too.


4. Sugarcane: – Sugarcane is also another highly produced crop of Assam. It is especially cultivated in such districts like Karbi Anglong, Nagaon, and Dima Hasao.

As you and I know sugarcane is the crop from which sugar and Jaggery are produced. The weather of the state is so compatible with producing this lush good.

Vegetables Agriculture of Assam

A Picture of Vegetable Cultivation

Prospects of doing agriculture in Assam

1. The weather and fertile land: – The climate and the soil of Assam are very suitable for different types of cultivation. The land areas of Brahmaputra and Barak, the two main valleys here, is very much fertile. 

The climate of this state is not too hot nor too cold. That is why it is possible to cultivate different types of crops, which is produced in this both warm and cold weather’s.


2. Human Labor: – The problem of unemployment in Assam is very high. That is why most of the people here have to rely only on farming.

The problem of unemployment in this state is also helping a lot in the development of agriculture. So, we can also count it as a potential point in this sector.


Problems of Assam agriculture

Yes, I believe that the agricultural land of Assam is very fertile. But friends, there are more inconveniences than convenience are able to cultivate here.

Here are some examples of inconveniences below: –

1. Impact of blind believes: – The culture of this state is very old. For this reason, the prevalence of superstition and rituals is very high. The effect of superstition also affects the agricultural system of this place.

As an example: – Do not engage in agricultural work during any festival time like ‘Ambubasi festival’, staying away from doing the practice of modern method in agriculture work etc.

Read more: – Problems of Assam agriculture.


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