Traditional Jewellery of Assam


In this post, we will discuss the 5 most beautiful traditional jewellery of Assam. But before we proceed let’s take walk on what it really signifies.

There is a common perception generally comes in our mind by seeing a person and his/her wearing ornaments, that what type of culture is he/she belongs too. 

Generally, India is the hub of Multicultural activities; here one can easily recognize a person by seeing the ornaments and the dresses of him/her.

Assamese culture is one of the least of India’s multiculturalism. 

Therefore, it has many differentiations by foods, dresses, ornaments, and languages etc. Because of which we can easily identify a person of that community.

But in this post, we will not go for other elements, except traditional jewelry.

So, in this post, we will only discuss the 5 most beautiful traditional jewellery of Assam. So, why we are waiting for ….let’s go for it.

Traditional Jewellery of Assam [5 Most Beautiful]

1. Kerumoni: –Kerumoni’ is an Assamese word.

Here ‘Keru’ means Ear and ‘Moni’ consist of jewellery. In one word Kerumoni consist a piece of jewellery, used to wear in Ear.

It is a traditional ornament of Assam. And designed with pure gold.

Generally, no other metal used to design this earring. But today with the impact of modernity other metals are also started to be used by merchants for commercial purposes. 

According to some people; Once this ornament was the main decoration for the women of Barpeta district. 


2. Thuria: – As like Kerumoni, Thuria is another traditional ornament of Assamese culture. In the society, the names of both ornaments generally come together as Kerumoni-Thuria

Thuria is an Earring, in old times it worn by elder women’s of Assamese society. Generally to worn its traditional form a woman needs to make her earring hole much larger than to wear common earrings. 

Therefore in this modern age, young girls have been avoiding this thing so much.


3. Junbiri: – Junbiri is a woman worn locket. The actual traditional Junbiri is completely made with gold; traditionally, here no other metal used to design it. 

The name ‘Junbiri’ comes from the Assamese word ‘Jun’, which consist ‘the full new moon’. In today’s time, it gets to see to worn by female Bihu dancers as a neck locket.


4. Gamkharu: – Gamkharu is the Assamese version of English bristle and Hindi Kangan. Women wear this beautiful ornament on their hand reach.

Gamkharu has several types, they are like this: – Gamkharu, Gata kharu, Bala Kharu, Sancharuakharuand Magarmuria kharu. This is highly worn by Assamese women’s During some very special occasions like marriages and Rongali Bihu dance.


5. Dholbiri: – Dholbiri is made like in a Dhol shape (Dhol is a folk musical instrument of Assam). It is a neck worn jewellery of Assamese women. This ornament highly used on some very special occasions like marriage, Bihu dance time. 

As like other ornaments, this is also made with pure gold traditionally. Dholbiri has another version, which is ‘Motabiri’. This Motabiri is a men’s wear jewellery.  



Over time, the whole world connected with each other. Because of this, today there is a lot of difficulties comes in keeping any culture alone. And due to this reason, weak cultures are going to disappear day by day.

The Asomiya culture is also facing this same problem today. No one knows what will happen next. 

But something looks like that the time is giving the suggestion, if you want to stay alive then you will have to make changes in yourself. Otherwise, you will be responsible for the death of yourself.

These Traditional ornaments are really the contributors of Assamese culture. But I think it needs to change for modernity.

I am not telling to leave it but rebuilding, re-performing with modernity is very necessary to survive. Because these are the real signs of the wealth of Assamese culture.




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