Traditional Symbolic Identity of Assam


All the cultures all over the world have some of their own symbolic identity.

Is not it true?

By seeing the symbols we can easily understand, which culture that the symbol is trying to signify.

Here in this post, we will try to discover the 5 most beautiful traditional symbolic identities of Assam or Assamese culture.

So are you interested to know about it?

if you are then this post is for you.

I hope you will like it.

Symbolic Identity of Assam


5 Most Beautiful Traditional Symbolic Identity of Assam

1. Horai or Xorai: – A distinct wealth of Assamese folk culture.

Horai is a traditional symbol, which is simply used in the worship of Deities, showing respect and doing a prayer to elders, keeping holy books on it and highly used in doing other traditional rituals of Assamese culture.

Till today no one has ever known about by whom and where this thing was very first created.

But one main thing to remember that it is one of the most popular elements of Assamese culture because without it no holy ritual is considered to be fulfilled.

Do you have any idea which metal is used to make a Horai in the and nowadays?

Earlier in the past, Xorai was made by Bell metals (Kah-Pitol), but nowadays it is being started to constitute with gold and silver too.

Of course, a symbol, which represents a culture deserve such great respect. I am completely agreed with it, are you?

Let me know your opinion….Ok; let’s go to the next point.

Read Our Another Posts: – 


Assamese cultural symbols, Horai

2. Gamucha: – Gamucha is the main and most respectable cultural cloth of the state. The word Gamucha consists about the cloth, which is used in scrubbing and drying the body.

Gamucha is an Assamese word, here ‘Ga’ means body and ‘Mucha’ means scrubbing or drying.

Traditionally this beautiful cloth is designed with red flower graphics and made with soft cotton thread. During Rongali Bihu time ‘Bihua’ dancers highly use it as the sign of the representation of Assamese culture.

As nobody has any idea on Horai’s origination, this Gamucha origin concept is also still in very mysterious condition.

Did you ever hear which person first created the Gamucha? You may be not. If you do then, please share with us.

So, how this beautiful thing come in Assamese culture?

As I know…..According to some Assamese literature, Gamucha has an interconnection with some cloths design of Thailand, because some same kind of cloth is usually used by the people of Thailand.

But nobody can highly demand and on any information base about Gamucha.

In India other states like Bihar, Bengal’s people use this cloth form but compare to Assamese Gamucha they have less respect to it. On the other hand, they don’t use it as the symbol of their culture too.

Assamese cultural symbol, Gamucha

3. Tamul-Paan or Areca Nut: – Areca Nut or Tamul is another an important symbol of Assamese culture.

In most of the social rituals in the society, this is used (with paan) in very high quantity, such as in marriages, Anna-Prashana, gods worship, Invitation etc.

This is in trend in all over Assam but in Village areas, it is in still very high quantity using.

In Assamese society when a guest comes to people home then the first respectful treatment is done with him/her by the household’s is Tamul-Paan presentation.

Usually, it is presented on a Horai or Botawhich is looked very beautiful and comes an unknown feeling of the great culture.

assamese tamul-paan


3. Japi: – If you live in India then it is not possible that you did not hear before about Japi.

It is famous all over India, even many other parts of the world as the sign of Assamese culture.

But what you do know about it broadly? Rather hearing its name……

Ok, if you have no idea… don’t worry!

Let me share…what I do know about it.

Actually, this is a type of large ‘Round Hat’. Usually used in doing activities like farming.

Japi is not originally from Assam; very first in ancient age, it was used in China and in Assam it was entered via South-East Asia’s direction.

Chinese people are still using Japi as their cultural element and in agricultural works too.

Hey, wait… thing you have to remember that Assamese Japi is quite different from theirs. Actually, this is an evaluated version of Chinese Japi’s. 

Once in Assam, there were different method’s applied to make a Japi. Some were made with gold and some were made with silver.

Now a day’s Japi is made with Jerkinsiana tree leaf, which is called ‘Tokou’ in the Assamese language.

Assamese cultural symbol Japi


5. Thoga: – A wooden handmade Art or craft, usually used in keeping Bhagwat Geeta, Naam-Kirtan, Naam-Ghuka, and Kirtan-Ghukha on it.

Thoga is a great sign of Assamese culture. In Namghar’s, Ghukhai’s and in mandir’s it is used to read holy spiritual books.

We can call it the spiritual symbolic identity of Assam.



I hope you get some information here, if this article remained helpful for you then please let me know via comments.

Thank you for reading the post.


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