What is Rongali or Bohag Bihu? 

 

Rongali or Bohag Bihu is among the one of three Bihu’s celebrated in Assam. 

This festival is also signified as the leader among the three Bihu’s. And the starting day of Assamese New Year(other two- Bhogali and Kati)

Many cultural analyzers define it as the heartbeat of Assamese culture.

Generally, celebrated in the mid of English April month or Assamese Bohag month. Therefore Rongali is also known as Bohag Bihu too.

Though it is a festival of Bohag month. But it gets started from the very ending day of Assamese ‘Chot month’

That day is famous as ‘Uruka’. Including Uruka this festival is divided into seven different phases. 

They are Chot, Rati, Goru, Manuh, Kutum, Mela and Chera etc. Because of these seven phases, it is also called as ‘Xaat Bihu’.

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Why Rongali Bihu is celebrated in Assam?

Rongali Bihu is a festival of fun or ‘Rong’. ‘Rong’ is an Assamese word which consists of happiness and enjoyment. 

It drives happiness or joy to the society of Assam.

You may know that all the carnivals, Gala’s or festivals celebrated all over the world has two main purposes, which are mattings and agricultural activities.

Rongali Bihu signifies the both. Here in one hand, it consists the beginning time of agricultural activity. And on the other hand, it shows time of Matting for new births of new generations.

According to an old Assamese belief in this time the whole world becomes fertile and gets ready for matting and creating new generations. 

Because of this reason, people of the state celebrates this festival as the enjoyment of future new creation. 

After this Bihu, Assamese cultivator gets ready to go to their Agro fields and doing agricultural activities for the whole year.

Because of its matting purposes, much Assamese youth boy’s and girl’s also marrying each other at this time.

 

Activities during Rongali Bihu

There a lot of activities organized during this Rongali Bihu festival. 

If we go from the day of ‘Uruka’ then we will have to make a long list on it. So, we divide it here shortly in the following:-

The day after ‘Uruka’ celebrated for cattle’s or animals, especially for cows.

Therefore it is known as “Goru Bihu”. Here the word ‘Goru’ consist of Cows. By celebrating for Cattles people show thank to them for helping in agriculture during the whole year. 

Villagers have taken all their cattle’s to their nearby open rivers and ponds. And then they give them a bath with a prayer of celebration to god.

The next day Celebrates for Human. This is why the day called as ‘Manuh Bihu’

On this day people from elder to younger wear new dresses and visits to their relatives and neighbors homes. 

People pray to god for each other for a better year.

The elements which taken the Bihu’s importance to the next level is ‘Husori’ and Bihu Dance. 

Village youths go home to the home of all villagers and perform Husori with Dhol, Pepa, and Gogona. 

There is a belief running behind it that performing Husori will increase happiness and wealth to the people of the household.

As it is, the whole ‘Bohag month’ Rongali Bihu celebrates by the people of Assam. At the end of the month, Bihu finishes with a program of “Bihu Uruaa’ or ‘Bohagi Bedai’.

 

Conclusion

Rongali Bihu is the heartbeat of Assamese culture. But with the rapid change in today’s modern world theses festivals are facing a lot of difficulties to survive. 

If you compare its importance before ten years scenario and after ten years scenario. I can confidently say that a big difference you will get to see of its outgrowth among Assamese society. 

Nobody can see the future but looking at the present, it feels that the future of these beautiful cultures are not as safe as it should be.

Read My Another Awesome Post: – असम के काटी बिहू (Kati Bihu of Assam)

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