What is the Bihu festival of Assam?


Bihu is the chief festival of India’s north-eastern state Assam. It is a group of three Bihu‘s. They are Rongali, Kongali, and Bhogali. 

As like other carnivals and gala’s celebrates all over the world……..

This festival is also highly related to agriculture and mating activities. In further reading, we will learn how and why it related to agriculture and mating purposes. 

But now I would like to tell you that the whole concept of this festival signifies the short abstract of reproduction.

Now, let’s take a look at its reasons first…………..

Why Bihu festival is celebrated in Assam?

Bihu is a controversial festival. There are a lot…….really a lot of controversial questions on it. Like………

Since when it has been celebrating. who first celebrated and where first celebrated? etc.

but there is no final or exact answer comes out until now. 

There is only one universal information on Bihu. And that is, it has been celebrating since then when people started to do cultivation in the land of Assam. 

Now I will tell you how it relates to agriculture. 

Genuinely, Bihu is an Assamese version among all agricultural festivals of the world. 

if you approach deeply to the world cultural elements then a very common thing you will get to see. That common thing is all the galas, carnivals and festivals celebrated all over the world. Especially has one same purpose.

Which is actually agricultural and mating purposes.

But Why? 

because these are the examples or the signs of enjoyment and preparation for the reproduction and new cultivation. 

Bihu festival is not the only agricultural festival celebrated in the world. At the same time of it there also many other festivals organized by different tribes, communities, and groups (especially in south-east Asian countries).

Even Many cultural thinkers want to consider that Bihu is an evaluated version of south-east Asia’s agricultural festivals (countries are especially like Thailand and China)

Three Bihu festival of Assam

Bohag Bihu: – Bohag Bihu has another name, which is Rongali Bihu. This festival is like the heartbeat for Assamese people’s. 

Every year in the mid of April month it organized around the whole state. This month is the beginning month of the new Assamese year.

In the Assamese language, this month is known as “Bohag”. From the very early time, Bohag Bihu has been signifying the period of harvesting and matting. 

There are some pinnacle phases of the festival. Based on which, it organized for seven days. These are like – Raati, Chot, Goru, Manuh, Kutum, Mela, Chera (Bihu).

Now, the time for Kati Bihu………………….

Kati Bihu: – What Kati or Kongali signifies in Assamese language? 

It signifies the emptiness of food. All foods or rice paddies finishes during this time when Assamese people celebrate Kongali or Kati BihuKongali means “Nothing left out” in the paddy house. 

Lightning with Saki, Tulshi plant Pooja are the main characteristics’ of the festival. 

During this festival time, people from Assamese community pray to god for better production of the paddies. [Celebraetion Time October Month]

Now the last……….

Magh Bihu: – Magh or Bhogali Bihu is the sign of eating food and enjoyment in Assamese society and culture. 

It is celebrated every year’s January month (in Assamese, it is Magh month) after the final annual harvesting. 

During the period of Makar Sankranti, these types of same festivals arranged in all over India but with different names. 

Therefore Bhogali has also the same characteristics of Makar Sankranti.

Bhogali Bihu also signifies the ending days of the winter season and the beginning time of long summer days.


So, my friends, this is it for today. You already know how much the vast concept that Bihu is. 

It cannot be described within an article but I hope you liked it. 

If you have any question related to the article then please comment me in the comment box below. 

Thank you.


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